Лексичний мінімум

Family

  1. family tree
  2. parents: mother / father
  3. husband / wife
  4. siblings: sister / brother
  5. baby / child / children
  6. son / daughter
  7. relatives
  8. aunt / uncle
  9. cousinniece / nephew
  10. grandparents: grandmother / grandfather
  11. great-grandparents
  12. grandchildren
  13. relatives-in-law / in-laws
  14. mother-in-law / father-in-law
  15. daughter-in-law / son-in-law
  16. sister-in-law / brother-in-law
  17. orphan
  18. foster parents
  19. Godmother / Godfather / Godchild
  20. half-brother / half-sister
  21. stepfather / stepmother
  22. pets
  23. to be single
  24. to be engaged
  25. to be married
  26. to be pregnant
  27. to bring up
  28. to look after
  29. to have good/bad relationships with

My ordinary Day

  1. tan alarm clock
  2. to get o wake up early/late up
  3. to make up your bed
  4. to go to the bathroom
  5. to brush your teeth/hair
  6. to wash your face
  7. to take a shower / bath
  8. to make/have breakfast
  9. to have smth for breakfast
  10. to get dressed
  11. to go to work/school
  12. to come back home at..
  13. to invite/have friends to dinner
  14. to clean/to dust/to wipe off
  15. it is spotless/ neat / tidy
  16. a carpet
  17. a vacuum cleaner / Hoover
  18. to do ironing/washing up
  19. to sweep the floor
  20. broom/mop/cloth
  21. to grow/water plants
  22. to have rest/to do nothing
  23. to read a magazine/newspaper/book
  24. to play the piano/guitar
  25. to play chess/football
  26. to listen to the radio
  27. to use the internet
  28. to talk on the phone
  29. to go to bed/sleep/have dreams

Clothes and Fashion

Warm clothes:

  • boots/high boots
  • fur coat/coat/rain coat
  • gloves/mittens
  • jacket /anorak
  • jumper/ sweater
  • waistcoat
  • trousers

Accessories:

  • bracelet/earrings/necklace
  • button/cuff-link
  • scarf
  • braces

Underwear:

panties / bra

Summer clothes:

  • bikini
  • swimsuit
  • swimming trunks
  • blouse
  • skirt
  • shirt
  • shorts
  • high-heeled shoes/flat shoes
  • slippers/pajamas
  • socks/stockings

Suit:

  • tie
  • tights

Sportswear:

  • tracksuit/trainers/snickers
  • to fit/to match/to suit
  • to follow the fashion
  • neat/scruffy

Food and Drinks

  • meal/breakfast/brunch/lunch/dinner/snack
  • to eat/to cook
  • to be hungry/to be thirsty
  • tasty/delicious
  • fruit/pear/grapes/pineapple/apricot/peach/
  • plum/strawberry/raspberry/watermelon
  • vegetables/onion/garlic/pepper/carrot/
  • mushroom/beans/cabbage/cucumber
  • bread/rolls/pasta/noodles
  • rice/cereal /porridge
  • olive oil
  • spices
  • kebab
  • pancake
  • dessert/cake/pie/biscuit/sweets/candies/
  • chocolate/nuts/jam
  • meat/pork/beef/chicken/ham/sausage/steak
  • fish/sea food /caviar
  • eggs (fried/boiled)
  • milk/cheese/cottage cheese/butter/cream
  • drinks/coffee/tea/fruit juice/beer/wine/cognac
  • fast food/french fries/burger/sandwich/pizza/
  • coke/crisps
  • In the restaurant. We would like to order …
  • Here is your menu.
  • Would you like anything to drink?
  • Enjoy your meal.
  • Anything for dessert?
  • Can I have the bill, please?
  • Could I have some more bread, please?
  • fork/spoon/knife
  • napkin
  • dish/plate

Jobs

  1. accountant
  2. actor/actress
  3. waiter/ waitress
  4. doctor/nurse
  5. carpenter
  6. plumber
  7. businessman/ businesswoman
  8. scientist/teacher
  9. secretary
  10. architect
  11. police officer/mail carrier
  12. firefighter
  13. shop assistant
  14. pilot/sailor/soldier/security guard
  15. engineer/mechanic
  16. farmer
  17. hairdresser/barber/manicurist
  18. journalist
  19. lawyer
  20. manager/boss/employer/employee
  21. personal qualities: reliable/punctual/honest/confident
  22. education/qualifications
  23. experience
  24. salary
  25. career
  26. flexible working hours/seasonal work/part-time/full-time job
  27. skilled/unskilled
  28. to apply for a job/interview
  29. to be out of work/to be unemployed/to close down
  30. to retire/to fire

The Weather

  1. What is the weather like today?
  2. weather forecast
  3. sun/sunny
  4. cloud/cloudy
  5. wind/windy
  6. fog/foggy
  7. rain/rainy
  8. snow/snowy
  9. heat/hot/boiling/warm
  10. cold/chilly
  11. to rain cats and dogs/shower
  12. storm
  13. thunderstorm
  14. thunder
  15. lightning
  16. rainbow
  17. hurricane/strong wind
  18. flood/heavy rain
  19. blizzard/heavy snow
  20. temperature
  21. thermometer
  22. above zero/below zero
  23. _ degrees by Celsius
  24. to sleet/sleeting
  25. dry/wet weather
  26. humidity
  27. ice/icy
  28. to freeze/freezing
  29. sky/air
  30. season

Around the home

  1. lounge / living room
  2. hi-fi system / remote control / TV
  3. coffee table
  4. curtains
  5. sofa / armchair
  6. dining room / kitchen
  7. fridge
  8. sink / taps
  9. dishwasher
  10. washing machine
  11. cooker / oven
  12. cupboards
  13. frying pan / saucepan / kettle
  14. bedroom
  15. chest of drawers
  16. bed / pillow / duvet / blanket
  17. wardrobe
  18. bedside table
  19. bathroom
  20. shower / bath
  21. mirror
  22. towel
  23. washbasin
  24. toilet
  25. to do housework
  26. housewife
  27. to do washing up
  28. to do ironing
  29. to hoover a carpet

Town facillities and transport

  1. Town hall
  2. Theatre/cinema
  3. sport stadium
  4. post office/bank/library
  5. railway station/airport
  6. police station/prison
  7. park/square/church
  8. bridge over a river
  9. car park/parking lot
  10. traffic lights
  11. traffic signs
  12. pedestrian/pedestrian area/crossroads
  13. pavement/road/highway
  14. bus stop/bus station
  15. to use public transport/to take a bus
  16. fare
  17. bicycle/minibus/taxi/train/plane/tram/trolleybus/monocycle/truck
  18. ship/submarine/boat/ferry/scooter/yacht/motorboat/canoe
  19. subway/metro/tube/underground
  20. traffic jam
  21. to travel by train …
  22. to go on foot
    Directions:
  23. Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the station, please?
  24. Where is the nearest bus stop?
  25. to cross/go along/go up/go down/go over the bridge
  26. go past/go straight on/go through the park/go towards
  27. How long does it take you to get ….?
  28. It takes me about 10 minutes by bus.
  29. Take the first turning on the right.
  30. Turn left/Turn right

Vital adjectives

  1. long – short
  2. thin – thick
  3. early – late
  4. easy – difficult
  5. wet – dry
  6. sweet – bitter
  7. male – female
  8. high – low
  9. sick – healthy
  10. left – right
  11. old – young
  12. pretty – ugly
  13. married – single
  14. round – square
  15. front – back
  16. fast – slow
  17. smart – stupid
  18. cold – warm
  19. clean – dirty
  20. far – near
  21. happy – sad
  22. heavy – light
  23. wrong- right
  24. expensive – cheap
  25. smooth – rough
  26. quiet – noisy
  27. strong – weak
  28. wide – narrow
  29. safe – dangerous
  30. interesting — boring

Vital verbs

  1. answer/ask
  2. believe
  3. borrow/lend
  4. break/build
  5. bring/take
  6. buy/sell/pay
  7. can
  8. change
  9. dance/sing/draw
  10. drive/ride
  11. feel
  12. find/lose
  13. forget
  14. jump/run/swim
  15. know/think/understand
  16. laugh
  17. see/look at
  18. need
  19. put
  20. rain/snow
  21. run
  22. say/tell/talk/speak
  23. send
  24. sit
  25. smoke
  26. spend
  27. study/learn/teach
  28. try
  29. use
  30. wait for